Distribution of different frequency range

Different Frequency Range Distribution
This table might not provide all the necessary information for specific frequency range.
No hard and fast rule for opting an antenna for a particular frequency be there.
Many electrical factors (eg radiation efficiency, radiation pattern, maximum antenna gain, antenna impedance, frequency characteristics) and structural factors (eg shape, size, appearance, cost and other economic aspects) are to be taken into account.

BandFrequency RangeWavelength ServicesRemarks
ELF3 Hz – 3 KHzAudio signal
VLF3 – 30 KHz100 – 10 kmWorld-wide Telegraphy for ships, mine and marine   communicationAudio and military navigation
LF30 – 300 KHz10 – 1 kmAM Broadcasting, Long distance point-to-point   services, Navigation
MF300 – 3000 KHz1000 – 100 mAM Broadcasting, Navigation, Harbor telephonyGeneral MF antennas– center-fed or folded   dipoles 
Broadcasting antennas– inverted L or T   antennas
HF3 – 30 MHz100 – 10 mSW Broadcasting, OTH (Over the horizon) RadarsGeneral HF antennas– Half-wave antennas,   arrays like Yagi 
For TV transmission– Center fed dipole
For Communication– Fan dipole+loop+vertical   whip antennas
VHF30 – 300 MHz10 – 1 mFM, TV, Radar, Short distance communication,   Aircrafts and Ships Navigation, TelephonyHorizontal Polarization used, Horn+Corner+Parabolic   Reflectors used, Slot radiators, Yagi arrays 
Broadband antennas ( conical unipole,   conical dipole, biconical, discone antenna)
All-around coverage given by   vertical+horizontal+circular polarization
For mobile – fin aerial antennas used
UHF300 -3000 MHz100 – 10 cmLoS + Sate Comm 
TV, short distance communication, Radar, LAN,   Cellular Mobile communication, GPS, Aircrafts Navigation, Aircraft Landing
SHF3 – 30 GHz10 – 1 cmLoS + Sat Comm 
Radar, Radio and TV relay links, Satellite   Communication, Data transmission
Antennas used are horms, reflector antennas and   lens antennas of different types.
EHF30 – 300 GHz10 – 1 mmLoS + Sat Comm 
Millimetric wave Radars, Amateur
300 – 3000 GHz< 1 mmExperimental applications

Some of the Facts on this table is referenced from Antennas for all applications, JD Kraus, 3rd Edition

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